The co-occurrence of mental illness and substance abuse problem is called dual diagnosis. A large series of psychosocial issues and various interacting illnesses can be felt by an individual who has dual diagnosis.A person’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual aspects are all affected when one faces dual diagnosis. It ought to be taken into story that an individual who has dual diagnosis doesn’t have two detached illnesses. These two illnesses interact with each other. The illnesses may exacerbate each other and each disorder predisposes to relapse in the other disease. One of the problems of dual diagnosis is the overlapping and the masking of the symptom’s illnesses because it proves difficult for treatment.
There are many theories that attempt to explain dual diagnosis. The causality theory is one of them. Causality theory puts forward that there are kinds of substance abuse that leads to having mental illnesses. Example of this is the use of marijuana and the development of psychosis which has evidences of casual links. An added theory is the multiple risk factor theory. Multiple risk factor theory explains that there are risky factors that lead to having dual diagnosis. Examples of these hazardous factors are connection with people who abuses drugs, people who are lonely and in poverty. There is also another theory known as the super sensitivity theory. It explains that there are individuals with intense mental illness who has psychological or biological vulnerabilities. This vulnerability is being caused genetically and environmentally. These vulnerabilities can result in acquiring a psychiatric disorder. This attempts to explain dual diagnosis in terms of treating the psychotic disorder using anti-psychotic drugs. These anti-psychotic drugs will in the long run create a tolerance in the individual’s body. Dual diagnosis is settling in.
There are many problems that dual diagnosis brings. One of the main problem is only one illness is identified in most cases of dual diagnosis resulting to a lack of treatment. The denial which is almost always present in different cases is also a problem. These create therapists and psychiatrists to have a difficult time identifying dual diagnosis and make them propose treatments that would only offer a little help.
It creates quite a problem looking for proper treatments for this kind of condition. A person with dual diagnosis would find it hard to locate a treatment center that would help his or her condition recover. A treatment center that accommodates to the problem of substance abuse refuses to admit someone with serious mental conditions. On the other hand, a treatment center that helps for the recovery of people with serious mental conditions is not expert in dealing with people who is afflicted with substance abuse. This really is such a big deal.
The only thing that exists for treatment of individuals with dual diagnosis is by principles. Specialist suggests that the treating of the two co-occurring disorders should not be taken apart but rather should be joined together. There are prescriptions that have been proven to be effective. Examples of these medications are opioid replacement therapies or naltrexone) and clozapine.
Dual diagnosis is a term that can refer to different co-occurring illnesses. One can be depressed and alcoholic, psychotic and cannabis abuser, or can have intellectual disability while at the same time having a mental illness. In the field of psychology, dual diagnosis is quite new which explains the fact of its problems regarding treatment. As day to day progresses, who knows a treatment center might open for the special cases of persons with dual diagnosis.
Dual Diagnosis is popularly known as the co-occurrence of a substance abuse and mental illness.